Ha Long Bay is a small bay in the western part of the Gulf of Tonkin, including the sea island of Ha Long City, Cam Pha Town and part of Van Don Island District, Quang Ninh Province.
Ha Long Bay consists of 1,969 large and small islands, of which 989 are named islands and 980 unnamed islands, with an area of 1,553 km² including the core zone and the buffer zone. The heritage site of Ha Long Bay is internationally recognized with an area of 434 km², as a triangle with three peaks, Dau Go Island (west), Ba Ham Lake (south) and Cong Tay (east) It consists of 775 islands with many caves and beaches.
At least 500 million years ago, Ha Long Bay has become the basis for invaluable human values such as biodiversity, archaeological culture and other human values. The history of geologic geology is of great importance to geomagnetic science worldwide, as well as the study of the formation and development of the Earth’s crust.
The beautiful beauty of Ha Long Bay makes visitors ecstatic
In terms of biodiversity, Ha Long Bay is home to the development of closed forest ecosystems, tropical wet rain and coastal ecosystems with many ecosystems, including 14 species of plants and about 60 species. Endemic animals have been discovered among thousands of flora and fauna populations in the bay.
In addition, archeological studies done in Ha Long Bay from the early 20th century have shown that this was once a cultural cradle of humanity.
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Ha Long Bay also has a great cultural, spiritual and spiritual significance, manifested through the legend of the Dragon Baby Tien, through historical evidence of significance. Van Don port, Bai Chay battle, historic Bai Tho mountain, sea battle in Hang Dau …
Ha Long Bay includes many famous sights such as Con Coc Islet, Emerald Island, Ngoc Vung, Ti Tung Island, Tuan Chau Island, Sung Sot Cave, Thien Cung Cave, Dau Go Cave.
Wondering the mysterious natural beauty, at the same time associated with the life of the people of Vietnam from ancient times, so, Ha Long Bay has long gone into the poetry of Vietnamese literature, Nguyen Trai’s lagoon, hailed Ha Long Bay as "a stone wonder in the sky".
In 1962, the Ministry of Culture and Information of Vietnam ranked Ha Long Bay as a national-level monument and a protection zone. In 1994, the core zone of Ha Long Bay was recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage with aesthetic value and was re-recognized for the second time with exceptional global value in geology and geomorphology in 2000.